Multiphase correlations References

Multiphase correlations References:

Correlation Description Reference
1 Anand, et al Predicting Thermal Conductivities of Formations from Other Known Properties. JPT (Oct. 1980).
2 Ashford, F.E, & Pierce, P.E. The Determination of Multiphase Pressure Drops and Flow Capacities in Downhole Safety Valves (Storm Chokes). SPE 5161 1974 SPE Annual Fall Meeting, Houston Oct. 6-9.
3 Beggs, H.D. & Brill, J.P. A Study of Two Phase Flow in Inclined Pipe. JPT (May 1973), 606-617.
4 Churchill-Chu Correlating Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Free Convection from a Horizontal Cylinder. International Journal Heat Mass Transfer (1975) 18, 1049-1053.
5 Fancher, & Brown, G.G. Prediction of Pressure Gradients for Multiphase Flow in Tubing. SPE Journal (Mar. 1963), 59-64.
6 Fortunati Two Phase Flow Through Well-head Chokes. SPE 3742 1972 SPE European Spring Meeting, Amsterdam, May 17-18.
7 Hagedorn, A.R. & Brown, K.E. Experimental Study of Pressure Gradients Occurring During Continuous Two-Phase Flow in Small-Diameter Vertical Conduits. JPT (Apr. 1965), 475-484.
8 Mandhane et al A Flow Pattern Map for Gas-liquid Flow in Horizontal Pipes. International Journal Multiphase Flow, 1, 537-541.
9 Moody Friction Factor for Pipe Flow. Trans., AIME (1944), 66, 671-675.
10 Mukherjee, H. & Brill, J.P. Liquid Holdup Correlations for Inclined Two-Phase Flow. JPT (May 1983), 1003-1008.
11 Oranje Condensate Behaviour in Gas Pipeline is Predictable. Oil and Gas Journal (July 1973), 39-43.
12 Orkiszewski Predicting Two Phase Pressure Drop in Vertical Pipes. JPT (June 1967), 829-833.
13 Duns, H. Jr & Ros, N.C.J. Vertical Flow of Gas and Liquid Mixtures in Wells. Proc., Sixth World Petroleum Congress, Frankfurt (1963) 451.
14 Tansev, E. Startzman, R. & Cooper, A. Predicting Pressure Loss and Heat Transfer in Geothermal Wellbores. SPE 5584 1975 SPE Annual Fall Meeting, Dallas, Sept. 28-Oct. 1.
15 Gould, T.L, Tek, M.R. & Katz, D.L. Two-Phase Flow Through Vertical, Inclined, or Curved Pipe. JPT, August, 1974, 915-925.

Reference: PROSPER Use’s Guide.

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Multiphase flow regimes

Flow Regime maps are useful tools for getting an overview over which flow regimes we can expect for a particular set of input data. Each map is not, however, general enough to be valid for other data sets. It gives a description of the geometrical distribution of a multiphase fluid moving through a pipe. Different flow regimes are used to describe this distribution, the distinction between each one being qualitative and somewhat arbitrary. In vertical or moderately deviated pipes, the most common flow regimes for gas-liquid mixtures are bubble flowslug flowmist flow, churn flow and annular flow. In horizontal wells, there may be stratified or wavy stratified flow in addition to many of the regimes observed in vertical wells. Two-phase flow regimes have often been presented as plots, or maps, with the phase velocities or functions of them on each axis. Earlier maps were named after their authors, for example Griffith-Wallis, Duns-Ros and Taitel-Dukler. The following Figures give an example of flow regime map for a vertical and horizontal flow of a Gas/Liquid mixture.

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