As described in the previous article ESP nine step design procedure, Centrilift has established a nine-step procedure to design the appropriate electrical submersible pump. The first step of this ESP design procedure, and certainly the most important step, consists on collecting the basic data. This is the most important step because all the others design steps will depend on the basic data selected in step 1. If the basic data quality is good the design will be good and the ESP will operate at its optimum conditions. Otherwise, if the input data quality is poor the design will usually be marginal.
Centrilift has established a nine-step procedure to design the appropriate electrical submersible pump in order to have an efficient and cost-effective performance. This article gives an overview of the ESP nine step design procedure and outlines the procedure as a manual process to illustrate the design steps. Each of the nine steps will be explained in detail in the next articles.
Specific examples will be worked through in each step of the ESP design.
This nine step procedure is a basic hand-design of simple water and light crude oil. For more complicated well conditions, such as high GOR, viscous oil, high-temperature wells, there are many of available ESP design software (e.g. Prosper software – Product of Petroleum Expert; Pipesim software – Product of Schlumberger; Autograph PC software – Product of Baker Hughes; Solution Sizing Software – Product of General Electric; DesignRite Software – Product of Schlumberger). The fashion of use of each of these ESP design software will be presented and explained in detail in upcoming articles in our website.
In this article, Variable Frequency Drive (also, named: Variable Speed Drive) basics are presented in a simple and easy way with explanation graphs. To understand how the Frequency Speed Controller operates, it is necessary to understand how the VSD supplies variable voltage and frequency for speed control.
The below block diagram illustration depicts a typical three-phase AC variable speed drive system. It has three main components: an Operator Control, a Drive Controller, and an AC Motor.
An Operator Control device provides a means to start and stop the motor and adjust the operating speed. The Drive Controller consists of a variety of components that work together to convert an AC input into a frequency and voltage output necessary to change the speed of an AC motor.
Main sections of a Variable Frequency Drive:
The converter section:
This section converts the incoming 3-phase AC voltage to DC voltage. The converter is essentially a 3-phase, full wave rectifier with Silicon Control Rectifiers, a specialized type of control diode, in the bridge.
The following video explains what SCR is and how it works:
As per API RP11S5, cable armor is the outer covering of the cable which provides mechanical protection during installation and removal of cables. In addition to mechanical protection, the armor provides mechanical constraint against swelling and expansion of underlying elastomeric materials in case of any exposure to well fluids.